Governance

 

There are 830 items related to Governance. Items are listed by date added.

 

Environmental and Gender Impacts of Land Tenure Regularization in Africa: Pilot Evidence from Rwanda

Environmental and Gender Impacts of Land Tenure Regularization in Africa: Pilot Evidence from Rwanda

Source: Journal of Development Economics, 2014

Author(s): Daniel Ayalew Ali, Klaus Deininger, and Markus Goldstein

Countries: Rwanda

Topics: Gender, Governance, Land

Added: 21/05/2017

 

We evaluate the short-term impact of a pilot land regularization program in Rwanda using a geographic discontinuity design with spatial fixed effects. Three key findings emerge from the analysis. First, the program seems to have improved land access for legally married women (about 76% of married couples) and prompted better...

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Regulation (EU) 2017/821 of the European Parliament & the Council of 17 May 2017 Laying Down Supply Chain Due Diligence Obligations for Union Importers of Tin, Tantalum & Tungsten, Their Ores, and Gold Originating from Conflict-Affected & High-Risk Areas

Regulation (EU) 2017/821 of the European Parliament & the Council of 17 May 2017 Laying Down Supply Chain Due Diligence Obligations for Union Importers of Tin, Tantalum & Tungsten, Their Ores, and Gold Originating from Conflict-Affected & High-Risk Areas

Source: European Union, 2017

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 21/05/2017

 

Regulation (EU) 2017/821 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2017 laying down supply chain due diligence obligations for Union importers of tin, tantalum and tungsten, their ores, and gold originating from conflict-affected and high-risk areas .

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Jade and the Generals [Video]

Jade and the Generals [Video]

Source: Global Witness, 2017

Countries: Myanmar

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 19/05/2017

 

As Myanmar gears up for landmark national peace talks this new Global Witness film reveals how the country’s massive jade business is helping to drive deadly armed conflict. What’s more, the multi-billion dollar trade is a threat to the peace efforts Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has made her government’s...

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Resettling Nearly Half a Million Afghans in Nangrahar: The Consequences of the Mass Return of Refugees

Resettling Nearly Half a Million Afghans in Nangrahar: The Consequences of the Mass Return of Refugees

Source: Afghanistans Analyst Network, 2017

Author(s): Fazal Muzhary

Countries: Afghanistan

Topics: Governance, Humanitarian Assistance, Land

Added: 14/05/2017

 

Most of the 600,000 Afghans who returned from Pakistan last year chose to settle in the eastern border province of Nangrahar. This has put considerable strain on both health and education services. There has also been a boom in property prices, which has exacerbated land grabbing, already a major source...

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Do Natural Resources Influence Who Comes to Power, and How?

Do Natural Resources Influence Who Comes to Power, and How?

Source: The Journal of Politics, 2017

Author(s): Maria Carreri and Oeindrilla Dube

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 07/05/2017

 

Do natural resources impair institutional outcomes? Existing work studies how natural resources influence the behavior of leaders in power. We study how they influence leaders’ rise to power. Our analysis focuses on oil price shocks and local democracy in Colombia, a country mired in civil conflict. We find that when...

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Do Natural Resources Breed Corruption? Evidence from China

Do Natural Resources Breed Corruption? Evidence from China

Source: Environmental and Resource Economics, 2015

Author(s): Jing Vivian Zhan

Countries: China

Topics: Conflict Causes, Governance

Added: 07/05/2017

 

Rampant corruption is often observed in resource-rich countries, especially developing countries with weak political institutions. However, controversies exist regarding whether and how natural resources systematically breed corruption. With empirical evidence from China and through a subnational approach, I shed new light on the impacts of resources on corruption. By qualitative...

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Rethinking the Conflict "Resource Curse": How Oil Wealth Prevents Center-Seeking Civil Wars

Rethinking the Conflict "Resource Curse": How Oil Wealth Prevents Center-Seeking Civil Wars

Source: University of Rochester, 2016

Author(s): Jack Paine

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 07/05/2017

 

A broad literature on how oil wealth affects civil war onset argues that oil production engenders violent contests to capture a valuable prize from vulnerable governments. By contrast, research linking oil wealth to durable authoritarian regimes argues that oil-rich governments deter societal challenges by strategically allocating enormous revenues to enhance...

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Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Source: Enough Project, 2017

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 01/05/2017

 

Sudan’s government is a violent kleptocracy, a system of misrule characterized by state capture and co-opted institutions, where a small ruling group maintains power indefinitely through various forms of corruption and violence. Throughout his reign, President Omar al-Bashir has overseen the entrenchment of systemic looting, widespread impunity, political repression, and...

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Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2016

Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2016

Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, 2017

Author(s): Nan Tian, Aude Fleurant, Pieter D. Wezeman, and Siemon T. Wezeman

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 01/05/2017

 

World military expenditure is estimated to have been $1686 billion in 2016, equivalent to 2.2 per cent of the global gross domestic product (GDP) or $227 per person. The 2016 estimate is a marginal increase of about 0.4 per cent in real terms on 2015.2 After 13 consecutive years of...

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The Evolution of the Natural Resource Curse Thesis: A Critical Literature Survey

The Evolution of the Natural Resource Curse Thesis: A Critical Literature Survey

Source: Resources Policy, 2017

Author(s): Ramez Abubakr Badeeb, Hooi Hooi Lean, and Jeremy Clark

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 24/04/2017

 

This paper surveys the natural resource curse. We review the mechanisms through which resource wealth might slow economic growth, and the empirical studies that test for an effect overall, or on factors associated with growth. We include more recent studies suggesting the resource curse reflects only empirical misspecification. After reflecting...

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