Developing, managing, and sharing knowledge on natural resources, conflict, and peacebuilding
Library / Peace and Environmental Protection in Colombia: Pr...
Source: The Dialogue , 2017
Author(s): Lorenzo Morales
Topics: Governance, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources
Armed conflict and the environment are deeply intertwined in Colombia—the war has determined how land has been defined, occupied, and utilized. Given the weak state presence in conflict zones, land occupation has often been spontaneous and unplanned. Mass displacement of populations—Colombia has the world’s second highest level of internal migration after Syria— has extended the agricultural frontier and led to the creation of “poverty belts” in major cities. Displacement has sparked conflict and allowed armed groups to gain control over large swathes of the national territory, including many areas of vast natural wealth.