This is the fourth in a series of policy briefs on post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management; it draws upon findings from Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama (London: Earthscan 2014). Erika Weinthal is an associate professor of environmental policy at the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University. Jessica Troell is a senior attorney and director of the International Water Program at the Environmental Law Institute (ELI). Mikiyasu Nakayama is a professor in the Graduate School of Frontier Sciences at the University of Tokyo. This policy brief was produced by Alec Crawford, David Jensen of the United Nations Environment Programme, and Carl Bruch of ELI.